Waste minimization assessment for a manufacturer of rebuilt railway cars and components

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U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Risk Reduction Engineering Laboratory , Cincinnati, OH
Waste minimization -- Research -- Tennessee, Railroad cars -- Design and construction -- Research -- Tennessee, Railroad cars -- Fittings -- Research -- Tenn
StatementF. William Kirsch and Gwen P. Looby
SeriesEnvironmental research brief, Environmental research brief
ContributionsLooby, Gwen P, Risk Reduction Engineering Laboratory (U.S.)
The Physical Object
Pagination3 p. ;
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL16718084M


Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC, EPA//M/ (NTIS ), Get this from a library. Waste minimization assessment for a manufacturer of rebuilt railway cars and components. [F William Kirsch; Gwen P Looby; Risk Reduction Engineering Laboratory (U.S.)]. Waste minimization assessment for a manufacturer of rebuilt railway cars and components / F.

William Kirsch and Gwen P. : F. William. Kirsch. WASTE MINIMIZATION ASSESSMENT Waste minimization is a win-win situation for regulators and generators, which results in reduced regulation, disposal costs, and liability for the facility and reduced risk to public health and the environment.

The extent of the inspector's role in the waste minimization activities will vary depending on. The Indian Railways is the second largest railway network in Asia. It is the biggest public sector enterprise in India and connects the entire country.

It is unfortunate that such a huge establishment does not have a specific policy vis-a-vis the environment. One of the biggest worries is the amount of solid waste (mainly paper and plastic) generated each day by train passengers across the.

The principles underlying waste minimization are inevitably particular to an industrial activity. Thus, for example, the principles pertinent to automobile manufacturing will inevitably be different in many respects to those that pertain to the petrochemical industries.

Studies of waste minimization opportunities can be made on various scales. For example, reducing waste generation through waste minimization has helped some companies change their RCRA regulatory status from large quantity generator ( or more kilograms of hazardous waste generated per month) to small quantity generator (between and kg of hazardous waste generated per month), or to conditionally exempt.

Waste Acceptance Criteria (WAC) testing cannot be used for the purposes of waste classification. This is a specific test to determine if a waste can be accepted at an inert or hazardous landfill site.

If a waste is classified as non-hazardous is does not require WAC testing unless disposal to an inert landfill is being considered. Hazardous waste materials, such as catalysts, will be handed back to the suppliers for pecialist disposal.

All hazardous waste shipped from site will be subject to a waste anifest to track generation, transportation through licensed and approved contractors.

The waste hierarchy, typically displayed as an inverted triangle (such as this image at the EPA website), offers a hierarchical approach to showing most preferred versus least preferred approaches to solid waste generation and management.

The actual categories may vary in specific name and number, depending upon the particular group using this. • There are seven principal locomotive manufacturers and five major rail car (“car”) manufacturers in the United States. While the locomotive manufacturers focus on market niches, car manufacturers typically supply a range of cars.

Many industrial processes have the potential to produce hazardous waste. To help potential hazardous waste generators identify if they produce hazardous waste, EPA provides examples of hazardous wastes that are typically generated by specific industries and provide suggestions for how to recycle, treat or dispose of the wastes according to federal regulations.

Hazardous-waste management - Hazardous-waste management - Transport of hazardous waste: Hazardous waste generated at a particular site often requires transport to an approved treatment, storage, or disposal facility (TSDF).

Details Waste minimization assessment for a manufacturer of rebuilt railway cars and components FB2

Because of potential threats to public safety and the environment, transport is given special attention by governmental agencies. Waste minimisation is a set of processes and practices intended to reduce the amount of waste produced.

By reducing or eliminating the generation of harmful and persistent wastes, waste minimisation supports efforts to promote a more sustainable society. Waste minimisation involves redesigning products and processes and/or changing societal patterns of consumption and production. characteristics (characteristic wastes).

Each type of RCRA hazardous waste is given a unique hazardous waste code using the letters D, F, K, P, or U and three digits (e.g., D, F, P).

See pages 10 to 14 for additional information on motor freight and railroad transportation waste codes. Listed Wastes. Several methods can be used to manage hazardous wastes.

Waste minimization is a waste management approach that focuses on reducing the amount and toxicity of waste that is generated.

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The waste management hierarchy (below) illustrates hazardous waste management methods in order of preference when waste minimization is a top priority. DFA Process Product Information: functional requirements Functional analysis Identify parts that can be standardized Determine part count efficiencies Step 2 Step 1 Analyze data for new design Step 3 Step 4 Identify handling (grasp & orientation) opportunities Step 5 Identify insertion (locate & secure) opportunities Step 6 Identify opportunities to reduce secondary operations.

The project adopted the PRISMA project design and included: waste minimization assessments in 12 demonstration companies (from three industry sectors); development of a waste minimization.

Waste-by-Rail. Railroads: Requirements of Hauling Waste. head to the east coast you’ll find the Solid Waste Management Plan for New York City passed in emphasizing the minimization of traffic congestion and truck emissions in the city.

A focus going forward: hauling municipal solid waste by rail to various disposal sites in the east. The construction and demolition sectors are under increasing pressure to improve performance, reduce waste and increase recycling and reuse in a drive towards a more circular ng waste is a priority for the European Union and the UK Government and there are many regulations, measures and targets to reduce waste within the construction industry.

Most waste intermodal was set up initially using 20’ ISO containers that established the footprint for waste container use on flat cars. Over time as the waste by rail transport industry grew the same phenomenon occurred in waste flat cars as occurred in coal gondolas. Waste is then transferred from the truck to a rail car for long-distance transport.

Gondola Rail Cars. These are open-top rail cars typically used for hauling bulk materials such as contaminated soils, recycled glass or other bulk waste. The payload of an average gondola car is tons. Many Waste Management landfills have spur lines that can.

Contents Pig# Forward i Acknowledgements vit 1 Introduction 1 2 Planning and Organizaiion 6 3. Assessment Phase 10 4. Feasibility Analysis 19 5 Implementing Waste Minimization Options 24 Appendices A.

Was*e Minimization Assessment Worksheets A1 B. Simplified Waste Minimization Assessment Worksheets B-1 0 Example Waste Minimization Assessment C-1 D Causes and Sources ol Waste D-1 E Waste. Lean Manufacturing—A business model that focuses on eliminating waste while delivering quality products at the lowest cost to the manufacturer and consumer.

Technical Assistance—Programs provide information, advice, and, in some cases, hands-on technical assistance to companies seeking cleaner, cheaper, and smarter environmental solutions.

Description Waste minimization assessment for a manufacturer of rebuilt railway cars and components PDF

Waste has been considered a major problem in the construction industry for its financial and environmental impacts. The attention to Construction and Demolition (C&D) waste has been increasing in the past 20 years from both researchers and specialists around the world.

Large numbers of articles have been published in journals related to waste management (WM) discussing sources of waste. Manufacturing is the production of products for use or sale, using labor and machines, tools, and chemical or biological processing or is the essence of secondary sector of the term may refer to a range of human activity, from handicraft to high-tech, but is most commonly applied to industrial design, in which raw materials from the primary sector are transformed.

CHAPTER 6 ΠRAILWAY TRACK DESIGN Railway Track Design Basic considerations and guidelines to be used in the establishment of railway horizontal and vertical alignments. he route upon which a train travels and the track is constructed is defined as an alignment.

An alignment is defined in two fashions. First, the horizontal. Although railroads have criss-crossed the United States for more than a century, waste by rail is a relatively new way to transport solid wastes.

And like the nation's economy, waste by rail is. Waste classified i.t.o Minimum Requirements does not have to be assessed i.t.o the standards for the assessment of waste for 2 years Waste classified i.t.o Minimum Requirements does not need to be assessed i.t.o the standards for disposal of waste to landfill for 2 years Requirement for use of accredited laboratories will be phased in over 2 years.

risk assessment of solid waste 1. RISK ASSESSMENT FOR SOLID WASTE Submitted By SAI GOUTHAM GOLIVE PCV Submitted TO Dr.

PARUL MATHURIA 2. In a nutshell “ Solid waste can be regarded as refuse or waste from any kind of source”. But any refuse or waste can be economic resource to others. the truck to a rail car for long-distance transport.

• Gondola Rail Cars. An open-top rail car typically used for hauling bulk materials such as contaminated soils, recycled glass or other bulk waste. The payload of an average gondola car is tons.

Many Waste Management landfills have spur lines that can accommodate and off load gondolas.UNESCO – EOLSS SAMPLE CHAPTERS WASTE MANAGEMENT AND MINIMIZATION – Waste Management in Industry - C L Hand ©Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS) article.

Choice of waste management option European Union waste policy is built on the concept of the Waste Hierarchy, Figure 1.COMPONENTS OF THE PLAH SETTING GOALS As stated above, the overall goal of the Draft RCRA Waste Minimization National Plan is: (l) to reduce the amount and toxicity of hazardous waste that is generated in this country, particularly when such reductions will lead to.

multi-media environmental benefits, (2) to expedite continual improvement in.